The National Blood Transfusion Service (NBTS) -Tanzania is a Program under the Ministry of Health which was established in 2004. It was established through a Cooperative Agreement between the Tanzanian Ministry of Health and the US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention with funding support from PEPFAR as a key pillar in the fight against the HIV/AIDS pandemic. Currently the Program is funded by the Government of Tanzania through the Ministry of Health. Its operations are carried in close collaboration with the President's Office Regional Administration and Local Government (PO-RALG)
The Program is mandated to coordinate and oversee all blood safety activities within the country which includes recruitment of blood donors, collection of blood from eligible blood donors, storage of blood, production of blood components, testing for transfusion-transmissible infections (TTI), testing for blood group serology and distribution of safe blood and blood components to transfusing facilities. The National Blood Transfusion Service also provides guidance on appropriate use of blood and blood components to transfusing facilities.